Animal Artists Collective // Ungulates — Pronghorn // Mary Sanche

Animal Artists Collective // Ungulates — Pronghorn // Mary Sanche



hello everyone and welcome back to another animal artist collective video the AAC is an initiative founded by Denis Odin and Jennifer Charlie to raise awareness about animal conservation through education and art each piece created for the AAC will be available for purchase with half of the proceeds going to animal conservation and welfare our theme for this month is ungulates or hoofed mammals and my selection was the pronghorn they live in my province and I've seen them on occasion they still hold a bit of a mystique for me because I don't see them very often their range is limited to the southern part of Alberta and I really only see them on on road trips and passing by but they're beautiful animals and I really wanted to talk about their evolutionary history and where they fit into the bigger picture of hoofed mammals as a whole here are some videos from the US fish and wildlife of pronghorns I would love to have my own footage of them but since I see them while driving and in hot temperatures you get a lot of heat distortion on on the videos and I mean I'm usually driving – so that's not safe – what about you Cameron you know films in pronghorn they're also the fastest animals in North America fastest land animals of course you're never really going to beat a diving peregrine falcon but they're incredibly fast so even if you did pull over to try and get a picture of them they they might just run away and you've got no chance I've heard that if you stay still especially if you're behind a blind or something they really don't care they'll come up to you and investigate you they want to know what's going on but being the fastest land animals I'm sure they're they're prone to getting out of Dodge and I haven't seen them run in in person but I would really love to one day I feel like that would just be a real wonder of nature to see these guys go zooming so pronghorns also known by the scientific name antelope Capra Americana is a species of artiodactyl mammal so they have an even number of hooves on their feet which is an even number of toes the flipside of that are Parisa dactyls like horses which have an odd number of toes on their feet horses of course having only one functional toe and one hoof whereas pronghorn and their relatives have two pronghorns are colloquially called antelope however they're not exactly related to the antelope of Africa for example or the Saiga antelope they're actually in a family of their own called antelope calf per day and their closest living relative today is actually the giraffe so there's sort of a special subset of hoofed ungulates that evolved in North America so how did they get so fast pronghorns evolved around the same time as an animal called an American cheetah which was super fast not directly related to African cheetahs but still it's still really really fast so the pronghorn had this pressure to select for faster genetics faster runners would live longer and therefore produce more offspring so pronghorns as a whole got faster and faster and faster now of these multiple generous of ancestral pronghorn that I've drawn here only one is left living today and that's the antelope APRA Americana and it's subspecies so here I'm painting a female pronghorn there is a precedent in Natural History and scientific illustration to default to male animals because usually they're more identifiable they're more flashy you can see this a lot in birds where say the male birds of paradise look wildly different from one another whereas the females of each species tend to look similar and brown that also happens in hoofed animals because the the females sometimes have smaller horns or antlers and tend to look a little more similar to one another than the males that have the clearly identifiable diagnostic horns and antlers but I really just wanted to paint a female here she's got some horns but they're smaller and it opens up the composition to be less about the horns and and more about the other features of the animal for this painting I wanted to keep a limited palette using mostly neutral gray a gold ochre Payne's grey umber white and a really nice Mars orange from stone-ground paint Co it's a mix of watercolor and gouache but mostly the Opaques of gouache even the Mars orange that I have even though it's marketed as a watercolor it has a lot of gosh like qualities it's very opaque it's very creamy I love it and I just wanted to take this this portrait and and focus it in even though there are tons of bits I loved about prom where it's like I love their coarse fur I love the white bumps that they have and their legs and their stocky bodies here's a picture of a female and a male pronghorn together so you can see just how chunky the the males are especially around breeding season they get really buff but yeah I wanted to keep it focused just on her face just really give her some texture and her fur make her look really nice and add the detail of a reflection in her eye that sort of tells a story about what pronghorns are facing today their range has been shrinking compared to a recording from 1976 to around now according to the IUCN Red List it's it's shrunk by I mean I don't want to give specific numbers but visually it's about 50% and they've even tried reintroducing them in in parts of the States looks like in Washington obviously in North America it's a highly you know agriculture alized landscape now there's farms everywhere there's fences everywhere there's towns and cities there's deforestation and pronghorns now you know having evolved in a North America that was wide open during the Pleistocene they were running away from cheetahs they had all this space to go and now they live in a somewhat limited area that's constricted and and turned into sort of a puzzle by agriculture and and fences pronghorn have this weird tendency to go under fences rather than over them they just they're they're built for running they're built for horizontal you know motion not for vertical motion so they don't tend to jump it's just not their habit so these fences are really you know stifling them and and inhibiting their ancestral migration pathways yeah they they out survive the cheetah just to become trapped by us instead which is just kind of sad they still make it around obviously their range is still quite large you know large areas of southern Alberta and of the northern states but it's important to remain aware of how our impact on the on the globe and on the landscape is affecting animals like the pronghorn and it's the last species left there aren't any other our close relatives of the pronghorn even the giraffe is like a pretty far away relative like I wouldn't say that they're going to the same family reunions but yeah if you're interested in purchasing this squash painting it's available in my Etsy store there's a link in the description below and the proceeds will be going towards the Calgary wildlife rehabilitation Society which they don't necessarily help pronghorn specifically but they help animals that are trying to navigate this landscape that's been changed so drastically by humans and this is the time of year where they're getting tons of baby animals I follow them on Instagram and they have like seven fawns that they're caring for like seven baby deer which they're so cute and I know that they're being well taken care of but apparently they drink a lot of milk so supporting the Calgary wildlife rehabilitation society will help feed all those hungry hungry baby animals make sure to check out all of the other animal artist collective videos going up this month and thank you so much for watching bye

12 Comments

  • Sharon Nolfi says:

    Great choice of animal – I've seen a few of them in Montana. Love your sensitive and informative narration. Bonus points for painting a female!

  • Natasha Bond says:

    What a beautiful piece! I used to see these guys all the time when I lived in Wyoming. Now that I'm one state below in Colorado I never see them. Thanks so much for all the info, I look forward to your videos you're so knowledgeable!

  • Lindy Ashford says:

    Thanks you so much for teaching me something new. I had never heard of this rather splendid animal or it's history before. I guess something as fast as these creatures are need the space to be fast in. Even a visual reduction estimate of 50% is so devastating it reduces the genetic foot print drastically. I really wish the world would get its act together on wildlife and environmental issues but it seems to be absorbed in a very bad human conversation that doesn't much care. Then I look again and there are you guys helping to educate. Lovely.

  • In Liquid Color says:

    I adore pronghorn and their uniqueness, so I'm really glad you chose to paint one for this theme! I especially loved your sketches, too. I have yet to see on in the wild, but that will be a good day!

  • Connie Gant says:

    ❣️love what the AAC is doing! All the art work is gorgeous! Thank you for making us aware😊

  • DeeJay28 says:

    Always enjoy your informative art pieces. Love how you did its eye with the fence inside for shadow…awesome! 💕🎨

  • Amie Howard Art says:

    I’ve never heard of this animal before so it was good to get to know them! Gorgeous piece, the orange tones are so beautiful 😍 I love all your sketches of them, too!

  • Hajra Meeks says:

    Your sketches were so poignant, thanks for sharing those along with the lovely painting. <3

  • LadyeStagsleapStudio says:

    Saw your WIP sketches on Insta! Love these guys – remnants of the ice age!

  • Kimberly Crick Art says:

    This turned out beautifully, I particularly love the reflection of the fence and sky in the eyes!

  • Shona Lea says:

    I love this collective so much! I also really appreciate the time it must take you to do such in depth research.

  • Color Pages says:

    Cool !

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