Biography of Claude Monet: Famous Artists for Children – FreeSchool

Biography of Claude Monet: Famous Artists for Children - FreeSchool

You're watching FreeSchool! Today we're going to learn about the famous
artist, Claude Monet. Born on November 14, 1840, Claude Monet was
a nineteenth century French painter, and one of the founding fathers of French impressionism.
Some consider him the one of the most important painters of the Impressionist movement, and
he was certainly one of the most prolific, creating more than two thousand five hundred
paintings, drawings, and pastels in his lifetime. Monet was the second son of his parents. Though
he was born in Paris, France, his family moved to Normandy only a few years later. His father
was a businessman, and his mother was a singer. Monet's father wanted him to go into the family's
grocery business, but Monet wanted to become an artist. When he was only ten years old,
he entered the local art school and began his studies. By age fifteen, Monet was well known in the
town where he lived for drawing caricatures, or exaggerated portraits, of the people around
him. His drawings were so good that people were happy to buy them, and Monet attracted
the attention of more experienced artists, who helped him to improve. In 1857, Monet's mother died. Shortly afterward,
he left school and went to live with his aunt. In 1861, Claude Monet joined the army for
what was supposed to be seven years, but after two years he became sick and his aunt agreed
to pay to get him out of the rest of his service on condition that he agree to go back to art
school. Monet was not happy with the traditional techniques
that were being taught, and so after a very short time he left the school and began to
study with other artists who were trying to create in a new way. They painted outside,
with quick brushstrokes, more concerned with capturing the feeling of the color and the
light than with accurate or realistic painting. This style of painting came to be called Impressionism. By 1865, some of Monet's work was accepted
to the Salon, an annual art show in Paris, and his work began to be appreciated, but
he was still very poor. He married his first wife, Camille, in 1870, and together with
their young son they moved first to England, then the Netherlands, but by late 1871, they
returned to France. In 1878, Camille gave birth to their second son, but she was very
sick and died the next year. Monet had a very difficult time following
his wife's death, but within a few years his career began to take off as his dealer had
more and more success selling his paintings. In 1883 Monet settled in a house in Giverny,
France, with Alice Hoschedé, who cared for his children as well as her own six children.
By 1890, Monet was doing well enough to buy the house and the land around it, and to build
a greenhouse, a studio, and a garden full of water lilies. In 1892, following the death of her husband,
Monet married Alice, and spent his remaining years painting in the gardens of Giverny.
He often painted the same thing many times in an attempt to capture them in different
seasons, light, or colors. He continued painting up until his death on December 5, 1926, at
the age of 86. Today Monet is remembered for the changes
he helped create in the world of art. By moving away from realism, or realistic painting,
he prepared the way for more modern styles of art. His paintings hang in museums around
the world, and his beautiful gardens are open for visitors who want to come and see the
place that the renowned artist created so many of his paintings. I hope you enjoyed learning about the famous
artist, Claude Monet, and seeing some of his beautiful work. Goodbye.


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