Composers 4

Composers 4



we are ready for the last week of learning about famous composers this week we'll start with George Gershwin who was born in 1890 in New York City George learned to play the piano at a friend's house and then shocked his family by sitting down to play complete songs once his own family finally purchased their own piano he became a famous composer of the modern period first he became a piano player for ten cat Ally which was a way that music producers could sell new songs at that time period since they didn't have the ability to play them on radio to reach millions of people the easiest way at that point to get songs out was to hire skilled piano players to go around introducing the songs now Gershwin was soon composing his own pieces and they were a mix of jazz and popular music for the time some of his famous titles include the song swanny and the man I love George's brother IRA ended up collaborating with his brother IRA would write the words and George would perform the songs now together they wrote shall we dance summertime someone to watch over me and I got rhythm Rhapsody and Blue is probably one of their most famous works but Gershwin was also known for composing the famous opera Porgy and Bess sadly first one died of brain cancer in 1937 so he was relatively young when he died next up we have Aaron Copland who was also an American composer from New York City he was born in 1900 to Jewish parents that had emigrated from Russia he first learned to play the piano from his older sister before taking music composition lessons as a teenager he eventually left New York City to study in Paris under a famous French music professor he began to write many pieces after his European training and symphony for organ and orchestra marked his first foray into life as a professional composer now many of his works also infuse jazz along with folk music into a classical bass he began writing music for ballets and movies he wrote films or for our town and the heiress and for the heiress he won an Academy Award which is an Oscar so the highest level of words you can win in the movie industry he also wrote the famous pieces fanfare for the common man rodeo Appalachian Spring and Lincoln portrait he passed away in 1990 at the age of 90 now we're getting all of these composers this week are in the modern period so the timeframe in which they lived I remember some of these composers myself I remember when Aaron Copeland died so we're into a more time a modern time frame now Scott Joplin was born in 1867 in Texas to a father that had been a slave and his mother was a free black woman at a young age Joplin taught himself piano his mother was a housekeeper and in this house a – piano and when Scott would go along with her to work he would play on the piano in the home and taught himself how to play he then ended up getting free music lessons from a local teacher and she gave him a good knowledge of classical music study Joplin eventually left the Texas area to pursue his musical career he sold pieces for piano in 1889 published one of the most famous compositions Maple Leaf Rag you may not recognize it based on the title but when you hear it you don't know what you'll probably say I've heard that before so Maple Leaf Rag made him a top ragtime performer now ragtime is a form of music that combines African American folk music and classical music at this one he was married and he and his wife moved to st. Louis where he continued to produce one of his most well known works the Entertainer this solidified his standing is one of the most important composers of ragtime of all time in fact he is commonly referred to as the king of ragtime Joplin died in 1917 no there's one I don't remember a lot of these composers I remember them living and I remember when they died but uh not that old our next composer is Leonard Bernstein who was born in 1918 Massachusetts at a young age he was captivated by the piano and in 1934 he entered Harvard University to study music and later studied at the prestigious Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia he received critical acclaim after conducting a nationally broadcast concert at Carnegie Hall for the New York Philharmonic and then from 1958 to 1969 Bernstein was the principal the main conductor for the Philharmonic he began conducting the orchestra for the CBS television series young people's concerts as he believed that teaching young students about music was a very important thing to do he often mentioned that teaching students was one of his most prized activities of his life now Bernstein also gained fame in the realm of musical theater he composed the music for probably one of the most famous musicals that he wrote was West Side Story he also wrote music for Peter Pan and on the waterfront as well as symphonies chamber music and solo works he died like Aaron Copland in 1990 after a long and illustrious career next we're going to move on to Duke Ellington who's considered one of the most important musicians in the history of recorded music and certainly one of the greatest jazz musicians he was born in 1899 in Washington DC Duke was a well mannered little boy which is how he earned the nickname Duke his given name at birth was Edward Kennington Kennedy Ellington he also became a good piano player as a young student around 1918 Ellington started his professional music career he worked odd jobs during the day and then he would play at various cafes and clubs at night he soon started his first band and eventually ended up at Harlem's hottest nightclub the Cotton Club which is where he wrote a lot of his most famous compositions he later formed the Duke Ellington Orchestra which still to this day even though he has passed away performs and when he formed the orchestra they received Nash recognition and in 1943 they were hosting a series of concerts at Carnegie Hall so some of his famous music compositions include it don't mean a thing mood indigo sophisticated lady Creole a love call and take the a-train Ellington received the Presidential Medal of Honor in his 70th birthday party which was held at the White House he died in 1974 and his last words were purported to be music is how I live why I live and how I will be remembered so Henry Mancini is our last composer of the course he was born in 1924 and Ohio where he began his love of music with piccolo lessons at age 8 piccolo is like the smaller version of a flute he studied piano and orchestral arrangement as a young adult and after graduating from high school heated up studying at the famed Juilliard School of Music in New York City then he enlisted in the Army in 1943 during World War two he met musicians that were being recruited by the famous famed Glenn Miller Band and he ended up in the Air Force Band after discharge from military service he became a pianist and an arranger for the Glenn Miller Orchestra in 1952 he joined Universal Pictures music department and has a zit ascent too as being one of the greatest composers in the history of film scores began a film score as the music that kind of is the underlying music throughout a film so not just one song but the composition the orchestral composition throughout the film so during his time as a music composer for movies he won four Academy Awards a Golden Globe and 20 Grammy Awards so Grammy Awards are the highest level of music award that you can receive so some of his most famous works include the Pink Panther theme Moon River one of my personal favor songs from the movie Breakfast at Tiffany's he wrote the love theme from Romeo and Juliet the movie version of Romeo and Juliet and also the music from Peter Gunn which was a television series you may not recognize that by the name but when you hear it you'll probably think I've heard that before too he recorded over Mancini recorded over 90 albums he conducted over 600 Symphony performances as well as leading almost every leading Symphony in the world so at some point he guest led or he led for a period of time every major symphony now Mancini was married he had several children and he died in 1994 from pancreatic cancer so that concludes this week's composers and it concludes the composers for the course I hope you enjoy the course I hope you learned a lot I hope you have a new appreciation for some of these famous composers through the ages please take time to finish up the work the classroom portal will remain open for the next month or two so it's really no rush take your time you can continue sending me assignments either put them in the classroom or send them to me through my out school email that I use so it's been great having you and I hope I see you all again in another out school class sometime soon bye bye

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *