The Difference between Modern art, Postmodern art and Contemporary Art | LittleArtTalks

The Difference between Modern art, Postmodern art and Contemporary Art | LittleArtTalks



Peter from ctvadim asks, what is the difference between modernism anti-modernism, post-modernism, and
contemporary art? Modernism deals with artworks produced
roughly from 1860s to the 1970s.
It is characterized by throwing out of the old, embracing the new.
There is more experimentation, new ways of seeing, new ideas about how art functions.
Historically it can be tied to the industrial revolution where there is a rapid changes in
manufacturing transportation technology which influenced the social economic and
cultural conditions of Western Europe and North America. People are moving out
urban spaces traveling and having new world views and access to new ideas. The invention of photography also sent painting into an identity crisis. With this new technology that can
perfectly replicate scenes what can painting do that photography can not? No more frou-frou mythological or religious
scenes for wealthy patrons, Modern art was about the people places and ideas that artist had direct contact with. Along with the publication of Sigmund Freud The Interpretation of Dreams in 1889
artists became more interested in dreams symbolism and iconography as ways
to depict subjective experiences. Anti-modernism or counter-modernism
refers to a number of parallel movements that spread throughout
Europe following the end of World War I Given the collective name of Le rappel a lordre meaning return to order, they
rejected the extreme avant-garde art and took notes from
traditional art instead. In particular futurism was brought into focus. They were a group of anti-traditionalists
who celebrated technology to the point of praising machinery in violence and power
and condemned the culture of the past in defiance of history and tradition. However there is a
break when Futurist follwers broke off from the pack. In particular Severini and Carra became followers of Giorgio de Chirico. Picasso and Braque abandoned cubism. Picasso produced work in a neoclassical style that recalled the work of Raphael and Ingres. This trend was evident in many artists working in the nineteen twenties
including Deran, Metzinger, artists of the New Objectivity and the Novecento Italiano movement. Postmodern art is a body of art movements around 1960s Dates can be hard to pinpoint The idea of what is considered art is expanded to mixed media, installation, conceptual art and video art. We begin to see Bricolage, collage, simplification, appropriation, performance art. The distinction between high and low art
and popular culture is blurred There is a sense of immediacy and the present that you do not see in modern art. Perhaps it is easiest to see in Pop art of Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein. Now is the hardest part of this video which
is defining what contemporary art is. Contemporary art is
basically art since modernism, but then you have the
problem of: Well, when did modernism end? Some may define it
as art made within our lifetime, but lifetime is a variable so that is not very
useful and some will also say that
contemporary art is a large umbrella that postmodernism fits under. The first use of the term
contemporary art can be traced to 1910 by critic Roger Fry for the Contemporary Art Society in London. As Modern art became more of a historical art movement, modern ceased to mean contemporary art, and they needed a new term to talk about art made in the present. There is not a clear cut from one to
another, and many institutions actually use the term Modern and Contemporary Art to avoid this distinction altogether. In the end, not everyone is going to agree
and people are constantly proposing and refining ideas. In the meantime I hope you learned
something new thanks again to Peter for asking this
question. If you do not know who he is I will go ahead and his channel down below.
He is also doing this fantastic project called Go Verb and Noun. It is just awesome interviews with all these creators making educational content on YouTube so if you are interested in that, definitely check that
out. If you have not watched last weeks video about the creepy and fascinating history
of Mummy Brown Paint. Thanks so much for watching, and I will see
you next time!

35 Comments

  • Joe Rodriguez says:

    Collage is DADA.

  • Mr Peco says:

    modern art is becoming classical.
    i'm sure at one point, classical paintings as we call them now were once revolutionary is some way shape or form that we probably don't understand looking at them now
    but at one point they were perhaps modern, post-modern, contemporary, and have become classic…

  • yyv aasd says:

    I learned I don't wanna write my essay on this topic anymore lol

  • Shannen Vinent says:

    There are two audios, her talking / explaining each era but then there is, what I think is, a faint woman’s voice talking below her. It’s so freaky omg! Can anyone else hear it????

  • Kari Klocke-Salminen says:

    Seurat Please

  • jacek pokrak says:

    What is a difference between Compmaturism and Postmodern?

  • nancy wysemen says:

    hm….. next time what will it be-OK

  • l'irisdanslesveinesBXL 1000 says:

    why is 'le rappel a l'ordre ' a revival of classicism > ok , but to realistic art work ?? can someone explain me

  • Renzo says:

    Let me begin by telling you that when my brother was just starting school, he rebelled at the rules of spelling.
    Why did words have to be spelled in a particular way?
    Why couldn't he spell them as he wanted to spell them?
    He resented the rules and he resisted the authority of those who made them !
    Keep this in mind.

    I think that Conceptual art comes from people who could not and would not do the difficult work required to become a 'traditional' artist.
    Can't master the necessary skills ?
    Can't understand how to use color to create mood?
    Can't master composition?
    Can't draw or understand human anatomy?
    Can't figure out how to express your feelings with image?
    Can’t be bothered ?

    Well then, belittle the importance of those skills and debase the notion that they are a prerequisite to creating art.
    Instead, create an art genre that you CAN do.
    A new genre.
    And let's call it Conceptual art.
    Conceptual artists claim that IDEAS and CONCEPTS are the main feature of their art.
    They can slap anything together and call it ''conceptual art'' confident that viewers will find SOMETHING to think about it no matter how banal or trivial the artist's concept!

    There is no way conceptual art pieces can be judged.
    The promoters of this art have attacked the motives and credibility of authorities and critics who might disparage the work.
    They have rejected museums and galleries as defining authorities.
    They reject the idea that art can be judged or criticized .
    All of this results in a decline in standards.
    And when you jettison standards, quality suffers.

    There really IS such a thing as BAD art !

    We know this only because we have standards and criteria by which such things can be evaluated.
    It seems that conceptual art comes down to a basic idea:
    No one has the right or authority to make any judgements about art !
    Art is anything you can get away with !

    A whole new language has been created to give the work an air of legitimacy and gravitas.
    Conceptual art is 'sold' to the unwary public with ….."ArtSpeak".

    ArtSpeak is a unique assemblage of English words and phrases that the International Art world uses but which are devoid of meaning!
    Have you ever found yourself confronted by an art gallery’s description of an exhibition which seems completely indecipherable?
    Or an artist’s statement about their work which left you more confused than enlightened?
    You’re not alone.

    Here are examples of ArtSpeak:

    ''..she manipulates architectural structures in order to deconstruct socially defined spaces and their uses and test novel and playful possibilities."

    Or '

    'Works that probe the dialectic between innovations that seem to have been forgotten, the ruinous present state of projects once created amid great euphoria, and the present as an era of transitions and new beginnings.''

    Or

    ''The exhibition reactivates his career-long investigation into the social mutations of desire and repression. But his earlier concerns with repression production–in the adolescent or in the family as a whole–give way to the vertiginous retrieval and wayward reinvention of mythical community and sub-cultural traditions.''

    This language is meant to convince me that there is real substance to this drivel which is being passed off as 'art'.
    But I don't buy it.

    Plenty of other people DO buy it.
    Not because they love the work.
    They are laying out enormous sums in the belief that their investment will bring them high returns in the future.

    One Jeff Koons conceptual piece is three basketballs suspended in a fish tank.

    Here is Koons' own ArtSpeak explanation of his floating basketball 'concept' verbatim:

    “ This is an ultimate state of being.
    I wanted to play with people’s desires.
    They desire this equilibrium.
    They desire pre-birth.
    I was giving a definition of life and death.
    This is the eternal.
    This is what life is like, also, after death.
    Aspects of the eternal”

    Rather lofty goals for 3 basketballs suspended in a fish tank!!

    It sold for $350,000.
    I wonder what it would have fetched without Koons' name attached to it.
    _____________________________________

    Something radical has happened to the art scene in the past 50 years.
    Cubism slid into non-representational art….what is often called Abstract.
    Abstract or non-representational art is a legitimate and often profound genre.

    But to many people, it appeared as if this new style had no structure, principles or standards of evaluation.
    It’s markings seemed random and arbitrary.
    Something that anyone could do.

    Any composition of blotches or scribbles was “Abstract Art”.
    This was the slippery slope that led to the abandonment of standards in art.
    Art is what I say it is….and lots of people jumped on the art bandwagon.
    Anyone can be an artist.
    Anyone can mount a show.
    And who is to say if it has value?

    A tacit agreement forms among critics, galleries, publications and auction houses to promote and celebrate certain artists and styles.
    Objects with no artistic merit are touted and praised .
    Their value increases with every magazine article, every exhibition in a prestigious gallery.

    And when they come up for auction, sometimes the auction houses will lend vast sums to a bidder so that it appears as if the work of the particular artist is increasing in value.

    The upward spiral begins and fortunes are made.
    And many are reluctant to declare that the Emperor is, in fact, naked lest they appear boorish unsophisticated Philistines !
    This is what dominates the art market today.

    The love of money is the root of all evil.
    It has corrupted politics.
    It has corrupted sport.
    It has corrupted healthcare.
    It has corrupted religion.
    And now it has corrupted art.

    But, there is reason to hope.

    As much of the wisdom of the Greeks and Romans was kept alive through the Middle Ages in small pockets of learning and culture, ateliers have sprung up around the world that are devoted to preserving and handing down the traditional visual arts: drawing, painting and sculpting to each new generation.

    And when this craze for conceptual art has burned itself out and when visual art is no longer looked on as mere decoration and when schools that have dissolved their art programs want to reestablish them again, the world will find these skills preserved through the atelier movement.

  • Sandile Dludla says:

    Thank you so much. This video was really informative. BTW…Your beautiful

  • oontur- mench says:

    Her face is art 🙂

  • amber says:

    This was very helpful! Thank you!

  • gavin Reid says:

    The large auctions houses describe as Contemporary any thing after WW2 .

  • gavin Reid says:

    Instead of Post Modernism I prefer the term Post Avant-garde. As much of it was a rejection of the cul de sac that the avant-garde entered with minimalism and conceptualism of the 1970s.

  • Stephen James says:

    Thank you for your well -informed and succinct talks.

  • Teodora Tofan says:

    If you don't know exactly how a name it's pronounced, I truly recommend forvo.com 🙂

  • Eliza Beth says:

    Great video! Makes the distinction very clear. Just a tiny note of feedback: it was quite quick, couldn't always follow it, or had to pause. 🙂

  • aewriter says:

    sorry for commenting on an old video. but do you think KAWS makes contemporary art or pop art?

  • Philip Gomez says:

    The primary lie in Modern Art is repeated every academic year. New students are told the threat of photography made artist to reinvent themselves doing what cameras couldn't: abstractions. But the camera ALWAYS did abstractions: misty mornings, storms, aerial views, microentities… Today, computers/ mobiles go further. As aesthetic value doesn’t correlate to effort a photoabstraction should be valuable as a Rothko. Kill the lie: show your teachers your abstract photocreations, your CyberRothkos/Pollocks…

  • Molly says:

    Ignorants in art are destructive.

  • Yash 1300 says:

    I have presentation on modern and postmodern art tomorrow in front of my two friendly teachers and head of department as well-_-
    my friend told me to watch the differences on youtube and boom I got your video and I have wrote down all words you said lol it is very helpful..
    thanks you very much hope they appreciate it and gives me my full marks lol..😂

  • Philip Gomez says:

    Oh…

  • Wayne Tsoi says:

    definitely learnt something, Thank you so much

  • Kingfillins says:

    Very hard to listen to because of the over dubs…

  • Oprah Winfrey says:

    For the dream paintings, its noted as Surrealism

  • The Truth says:

    so basicly Modern art is shitty art, postmodern is trying hard to be expensive art and contemporary art is effortless trash infused with a pretentious meaning

  • Finn Hafnmr says:

    Please show more sculpture and installation art

  • George G says:

    All good but you should be showing artworks much longer than your pretty face. And please why do you have to try to look like smiling and positive all the time, with cheerful notes in your voice?….That's a media cliche and we dont need it in art world, its artificial and useless.

  • federico jones says:

    "Con" in Latin means "with", "tempo" means "time", so contemporary literally means "with the times". (In these times, of these times).

  • Jason Rogers says:

    Hi, as a photography student I haven't studied such things as "anti modernism" but wondered if you could give an explanation of the difference between modernism and post modernism?

  • popos22 says:

    so exactly what is contemporary art?

  • Eric Medina says:

    Wow you're really smart and cute. Great video.

  • Conrad Bo says:

    "People are constantly proposing and refining new ideas", that is very true. And I also believe that the classification of art is also intentionally blurred so that people can make up their own minds of what they like and dislike.
    Awesome video by the way 🙂

  • WiggaMachiavelli says:

    Didn't learn anything new here, though I do still think that "art" is a misnomer with respect to this rubbish.

  • James Rowley says:

    Modern Art is pretentious cancer.

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