The Finnish Language

The Finnish Language


Learning a language? Have a look at our partner website Italki where you can
connect with language exchange partners for free or take affordable lessons online with natives teachers When you buy your first lesson,
get your second lesson FREE. Check out the link in the description below. – Hey! Paul when are you gonna finish?
– What do you mean? – When are you gonna finish talking about Italki?
– Oh i’m already finished Okay good, because you have a language video to make – Oh that’s right, what language is it today?
– Finnish! Yeah, yeah, I’m finished ?! The Finnish language. Hello every one, welcome to LangFocus channel
and my name is Paul. Today, i’m going to talk about the Finnish language. As you probably know, Finnish is
the majority language spoken in Finland. It has about 5.4 million native speakers
with 4.9 million of them living in Finland,
which is 90% of the population of Finland It’s one of the 2 official languages in Finland, along
with Swedish which is spoken by 5% of the population. And there are also Finnish-speaking minorities
across the border in Russia, Norway and in Sweden. You may have seen my video
on the North-Germanic languages. It’s this one right here. and you may remember that I specifically
excluded Finnish from that video. That’s because even in Finland is a Nordic country, with
geographic and historical connections to Scandinavia, the Finnish language is NOT a North-Germanic language. In fact, it’s not even an Indo-European language. It is part of the Finnic language group
which is a branch of the Uralic language family. Others members of Finnic group are:
Estonian, Karelian, Ludic, Veps, Ingrian, Votic and Livonian. But Finnish is most widely spoken language
in the Finnic language group. All the Finnic languages developed from Proto-Finnic,
which was spoken in around 3.000 years ago. The first stage was early Proto-Finnic. Then during the Middle Proto-Finnic period,
some changes took place in that language
and it’s split into two: Proto-Samic, the ancestor of the Samic languages
(Rem: Samic l.=languages of “Lappish” people) and late Proto-Finnic, which, ultimately, became
the most recent ancestor of all the Finnic languages. It’s worth noting that Finnish contains
a significant number of Germanic loanwords, some of them which are clearly ancient in origin. For example:
– kuningas, which means King; – tuoli, which means “chair”
and it comes from the same root as “stool”; – and kuolu, which means “school”. From words like these, we can see that the ancient Fins
had extensive contact with Germanic peoples. Late Proto-Finnic diverged into three dialects:
Eastern Proto-Finnic, Northern Proto-Finnic
and Southern Proto-Finnic. These three dialects of late Proto-Finnic mixed with
each other and the resulting mixes of influences
developed into the dialects that make up the Finnish language. Around the 12th century and 13th century CE, Sweden
conquered Finland and made it a province of their country. And for the next few hundred years,
Swedish was the language of administration. And during this time, Middle Low German
was the lingua franca of commerce in the area and Latin was the language of religion Swedish and Middle Low German left
an additional Germanic influence on Finnish, which during that time was strictly
a language daily communication. Finnish did not really become a written language
until the 16th century when a Finnish bishop,
named Mikael Agricola created the first comprehensive
writing system for the language. He based that system on the orthography
of German, Swedish and Latin. And it still forms the basis of the Finnish writing system
today, although there have been changes since then. In 1809, Russia seized Finland from Sweden in a war and
made it an autonomous state as part of the Russian Empire. The official language and the language of the elite
remained Swedish, but Finnish national feeling and a desire to make
the Finnish language dominant began to increase. In 1835, these feelings were amplified
by the publication of “Kalewala”, a work of epic poetry written by Elias Lönnrot, with
stories from Karelian and Finnish folklore and mythology. Lönnrot also played an important role
in the development of Standard Finnish. In 1863, Finnish became an official language
in Finland, alongside the Swedish language. And they both remain official languages today. And, with a new sense of national identity emerging,
Finland eventually gained independence from Russia in 1917. Before standard Finnish was created, the Finnish language
consisted of a number of dialects that could be
roughly divided into Eastern and Western dialects. The Western dialects are the ones upon which
Standard Finnish was largely based. From what I understand, these days, the dialects
mostly consists of differences in accent. But, outside of Finland, there are a few interesting dialects
that are officially considered to be different languages, even though they are intelligible with standard Finnish. This includes the Karelian language in Russia,
Mëankieli, which is spoken by a Finnish minority in Sweden
and Kven, which is spoken by a minority in Norway. So what is the Finnish language like?
Well, it shares some features with the
other members of the Finnic language group. Some of those features are: – no grammatical gender; there is no distinction
between masculine, feminine or neuter. Not even in the personal pronouns!
hän” means both “he” and “she”. And interestingly, Finland was one of the first countries
to grant women the right to vote. And it was one
of the first to have a female president! So maybe gender equality is just built
into the language and way of thinking. Hey, you never know! Next: no articles.
Articles are the words like “a” or “the” in English. English speakers often wonder how
you can communicate without those articles, but the context usually provides enough meaning
that you don’t actually need the articles. Next: Finish has some prepositions. In English, those are
words showing location or relationship like “to” or “at” or “on” But Finnish has many more postpositions.
These are similar to prepositions in function, but they come after the word that
they add meaning to, rather than before. Here’s an example sentence with the postposition. This sentence means :
“The market is in the center of town” “Tori” means “market”, “on” is similar to “is”, “kaupungi” is town, the “n” of the end of “kaupungi”
is the genitive case showing possession And then after , we have “keskellä” which is
the postposition which means “in the middle” So it’s a postposition, because it comes
after the noun “kaupungin”. Next : lots of grammatical cases. 15, to be precise. That means that nouns, personal pronouns
and adjectives have 15 different forms,
depending on their function in the sentence. We can’t look at all 15 right now,
but let’s look at an example. Finnish has the accusative case, which marks
a direct object; and that’s common in lots of languages. It can be shown with an “n” at the end of the word
or it can be shown with nothing,
just left blank at the end of the word. But there’s also something called the partitive case. This also marks a direct object,
* if the object is only part of a whole ; or
* if the action is incomplete ; or
* if the action is negative. This sentence means : “will you eat the fish?” “Syöt” means “you eat” ; “kö” is a question marker ;
“kala” is “fish”, and the “n” at the end of “kala” is the accusative case
showing that the action will be completed
and that the whole fish will be eaten. means “Do you eat fish?”. So again, “Syöt” means “you eat” ;
“kö” is a question marker ; “kala” is “fish”, and the “a” at the end of “kalaa” is the partitive case
which shows that there’s no completed action. There’s no completed action, because there’s no specific
fish being eaten. This is just a general question. Next : you may have noticed, in the above example
sentences, that the present and future tense are the same. That’s right: in Finnish, there is no future tense.
But the future can be indicated in a couple of ways. When you see a present tense verb
with an accusative case object like this: “…”, that indicates the future because it shows that
the action will be complete at some point. When you see a present tense verb
with the partitive case like this: “…”, that indicates present tense because the action is not
a completed action. So it must be happening now! The future can also be clarified with a time expression. Here’s an example demonstrating that
there is no future tense in Finnish: this means “I read” this means “I will read tomorrrow”;
“huomenna” means “tomorrrow”. and that time expression is what indicates that
this action will take place in the future. Next: there are a lot of long words in Finnish because of
agglutination and because of compound words. Finnish is an agglutinative language meaning that
words can be formed by attaching together pieces
that add meaning to the word. Without those pieces changing;
you just attach them together. In English, we might use separate words
like conjunctions and prepositions. But in Finnish, special endings can be added to a word stem.
Here’s an example starting with the word for “house”. And a few additional features of Finnish: Number one: the main stress always goes
on the first syllable of the word. Number two: there is no equivalent
of the verb “to have” in Finnish. Number three: Finnish has negative verb conjugations. That means that : instead of using a negation word like “not”, it has an entirely
different form of the verb to show that it’s negative. Finnish is clearly a very interesting language that
might be quite different from the languages
that you’re used to speaking and learning. But, is Finnish as hard to learn as people say it is?
Well, I can’t tell you from personal experience but it seems to me that if you’ve never learned
a language from the Finnic group or
from the Uralic language family before, then… you’ll probably have to bend your mind a little bit
to understand how that language works and that will probably take more focus and effort than
learning a language that’s more similar to your own. But, as is always the case, your passion for any language
or culture will carry you through the challenges
of learning that language. So if you’re fascinated by Finnish,
you really should go for it. Okay, the question of the day for Finnish-speakers:
how noticeable are the Finnish dialects today? Can you tell where a Finnish speaker is from,
just by hearing them speak? And then, different question for people who studied Finnish: How challenging is Finnish to learn?
Did you find it quite tough or did you just find it different? Let us know in the comments down below. Thanks again to all my Patreon supporters
for your continued support. And to everyone else, thank you for watching
and have a nice day!

100 Comments

  • Caro bsp :3 says:

    En voi olla ainoo Suomalainen tääl kommenteissa

  • Hannu Hanhi72 says:

    Finnish is too complicated and a totally useless language.

  • Jane Efremova says:

    Hello, Paul. Your videos are so insightful, thank you for the inspiration! Would you consider making a video about Estonian? Thanks again!

  • Oula Välimaa says:

    SUOMI PERKELE!

  • killer 0099 says:

    Perkele

  • Kiia Marttinen says:

    9:08 yes
    At least for me it is because where I live the dialect is not as thick as it might be in other places in Finland and I acknowledge the differences in the way people speak but if you don’t listen to it that way it might be very difficult. You also need to know how people in different parts of Finland speak to know where they are from. I love geography and Finnish lessons in school so that makes it easy for me.

  • minecrafter boi says:

    jos ymmärrät tätä niin oot velkaa kolkyt euroo

  • vilja says:

    Epäjärjestelmällistyttämättömyydelläänsäänkäänköhän?

  • Ghulam Ghulam abasz says:

    Thankew

  • James Atlas says:

    I went to Finland years ago with a mate when I finished university.
    I was fascinated by the language and picked up a few phrases. I am probably completely mangling here because I am just writing this from memory and spelling phonetically! My apologies to any suomi speakers.

    Hoova = good, Kiitos = thank you, “kaksi aluta” = two beers, “missa on puhelen?” = where is the telephone?

    What random things to remember. We did drink a bit of beer (even though it was expensive) but I can’t remember why I needed to find a telephone! The only place name I remember is Pieksamarki (which I can’t spell!).

  • kurpitsapää Lego says:

    Moi suomi

  • TheSealDribble says:

    "So what is finnish like?"
    The proper answer is F*CKING CRAZY! Hyvää Soumi

  • 한핀Lee부부 says:

    I am living in Finland and learning Finnish
    Suomi is so so difficult language ..

  • Lumi Jaatinen says:

    Yes you can like if your from Verla or somlike that they say mie but in Helsinki we say minä {minä = i}

  • Wadukkq says:

    mie syön kultakaloja joka päevä

  • moi mitä kuuluu says:

    the finnish sentence "kuusi palaa" has 6 meanings
    it can mean:
    a spruce is on fire
    a spruce returns
    your moon is on fire
    your moon is returning
    the number six is on fire
    the number six returns

  • blocksterz says:

    I speak Finnish ..what is your super power ?!

  • moro miten menee? says:

    Lentokoneauihkuturbiinimoottoriaupumekaanikkoaliupseerioppilas

  • random videos says:

    I love watching these to see my language get butchered

  • tuplaO says:

    Finnish is easy

  • Neném Tião F says:

    Alguém aí sabe como se escreve SAUDADE em finlandês ?❔❓ 😧

  • Neném Tião F says:

    And what about NOKIA, how is it going ?

  • Ei Oomitääö says:

    5:36 ITS NOT KAUPUNGI lol ITS KAUPUNKI and KAUPUNGIN

  • Ei Oomitääö says:

    Kuinka voi olla muka noin vaikeeta tää vitun suomen kieli ja miks kukaan haluis tätä opetella ku ei ne tätä tuu tarvikkaan iha paska kieli muutenki xdd

  • Monika Radzaj says:

    There's this one Finnish band I like to listen to called 'Hevisaurus' that makes heavy metal music for children in the Finnish language and so far I know a few Finnish words thanks to their songs! For any native Finnish speakers in the comments, how do I get good at learning the Finnish language?

  • JC Smith says:

    Great videos!

  • JINGZHENG GUO says:

    I like your English pronunciation. I am a Chinese, I' m not good at English listening. But it is very strange that I can understand most what your speaking. Also, the content is very interesting.

  • MattuBro says:

    Ruusut ovat punaisia…

    Puu on mätä…

    muut ei voi ymmärtää tätä

  • lolli pop says:

    Oon suomalainen

  • Fataah Nuune says:

    Lol Finnish fucking up my life bro it is fucking so hard i life in Finland for 5 years and I sometimes get so confused 🤷‍♀️ when they talk fast

  • mighty potato says:

    perkele!

  • SebMeister says:

    Finnish speaking minority in Sweden? You mean a few finnish immigrants? In that case there are Finnish speaking minorities in loads of countries XD In the north by the Finnish border is the only one that should count.

  • Story Tarina says:

    The finnish dialects can be heard in certain words like I ( minä, mä, mää, mie ). Then some dialects say different syllable longer then the way that it's written. Also they have some different words for common things like in Helsinki many things are loan words from swedish like the they call the Helsinki trainstation "steissi" instead of "asema".

  • Mats F. says:

    Swedish – En läsk tack

    Danish – En soda tak

    Norweigan – En brus takk

    Finish – Kööökklåä polökki köööli påöäkkinen paska !

  • Katja Staudt says:

    Kaikki suomalaiset likeatkaa!

  • Thomassique Jacques Evans says:

    The language is commonly known as Finnish, but it's officially known as SUOMEN

  • Hugo Nordin says:

    P E R K E L E !

  • Gtx 1080 Ti says:

    Before was was was, was was is
    Ennen kun oli oli oli, oli oli on

  • jeffrey peppler says:

    I have recently started teaching myself Finnish. It is not so bad, but perhaps that is because I thoroughly enjoy it. I find it's grammar to be a fun mind game 🙂

  • Eduardo B. R. says:

    Came here because of My Summer Car 😛

  • WildCatCube says:

    Every case of "dog": Koira, koiran, koiraa, koiran again, koirassa, koirasta, koiraan, koiralla, koiralta, koiralle, koirana, koiraksi, koiratta, koirineen, koirin, koirasi, koirani, koiransa, koiramme, koiranne, koiraani, koiraasi, koiraansa, koiraamme, koiraanne, koirassani, koirassasi, koirassansa, koirassamme, koirassanne, koirastani, koirastasi, koirastansa, koirastamme, koirastanne, koirallani, koirallasi, koirallansa, koirallamme, koirallanne, koiranani, koiranasi, koiranansa, koiranamme, koirananne, koirakseni, koiraksesi, koiraksensa, koiraksemme, koiraksenne, koirattani, koirattasi, koirattansa, koirattamme, koirattanne, koirineni, koirinesi, koirinensa, koirinemme, koirinenne,
    koirakaan, koirankaan, koiraakaan, koirassakaan, koirastakaan, koiraankaan, koirallakaan, koiraltakaan, koirallekaan, koiranakaan, koiraksikaan, koirattakaan, koirineenkaan, koirinkaan, koirako, koiranko, koiraako, koirassako, koirastako, koiraanko, koirallako, koiraltako, koiralleko, koiranako, koiraksiko, koirattako, koirineenko, koirinko, koirasikaan, koiranikaan, koiransakaan, koirammekaan, koirannekaan, koiraanikaan, koiraasikaan, koiraansakaan, koiraammekaan, koiraannekaan, koirassanikaan, koirassasikaan, koirassansakaan, koirassammekaan, koirassannekaan, koirastanikaan, koirastasikaan, koirastansakaan, koirastammekaan, koirastannekaan, koirallanikaan, koirallasikaan, koirallansakaan, koirallammekaan, koirallannekaan, koirananikaan, koiranasikaan, koiranansakaan, koiranammekaan, koiranannekaan, koiraksenikaan, koiraksesikaan, koiraksensakaan, koiraksemmekaan, koiraksennekaan, koirattanikaan, koirattasikaan, koirattansakaan, koirattammekaan, koirattannekaan, koirinenikaan, koirinesikaan, koirinensakaan, koirinemmekaan, koirinennekaan, koirasiko, koiraniko, koiransako, koirammeko, koiranneko, koiraaniko, koiraasiko, koiraansako, koiraammeko, koiraanneko, koirassaniko, koirassasiko, koirassansako, koirassammeko, koirassanneko, koirastaniko, koirastasiko, koirastansako, koirastammeko, koirastanneko, koirallaniko, koirallasiko, koirallansako, koirallammeko, koirallanneko, koirananiko, koiranasiko, koiranansako, koiranammeko, koirananneko, koirakseniko, koiraksesiko, koiraksensako, koiraksemmeko, koiraksenneko, koirattaniko, koirattasiko, koirattansako, koirattammeko, koirattanneko, koirineniko, koirinesiko, koirinensako, koirinemmeko, koirinenneko, koirasikaanko, koiranikaanko, koiransakaanko, koirammekaanko, koirannekaanko, koiraanikaanko, koiraasikaanko, koiraansakaanko, koiraammekaanko, koiraannekaanko, koirassanikaanko, koirassasikaanko, koirassansakaanko, koirassammekaanko, koirassannekaanko, koirastanikaanko, koirastasikaanko, koirastansakaanko, koirastammekaanko, koirastannekaanko, koirallanikaanko, koirallasikaanko, koirallansakaanko, koirallammekaanko, koirallannekaanko, koirananikaanko, koiranasikaanko, koiranansakaanko, koiranammekaanko, koiranannekaanko, koiraksenikaanko, koiraksesikaanko, koiraksensakaanko, koiraksemmekaanko, koiraksennekaanko, koirattanikaanko, koirattasikaanko, koirattansakaanko, koirattammekaanko, koirattannekaanko, koirinenikaanko, koirinesikaanko, koirinensakaanko, koirinemmekaanko, koirinennekaanko, koirasikokaan, koiranikokaan, koiransakokaan, koirammekokaan, koirannekokaan, koiraanikokaan, koiraasikokaan, koiraansakokaan, koiraammekokaan, koiraannekokaan, koirassanikokaan, koirassasikokaan, koirassansakokaan, koirassammekokaan, koirassannekokaan, koirastanikokaan, koirastasikokaan, koirastansakokaan, koirastammekokaan, koirastannekokaan, koirallanikokaan, koirallasikokaan, koirallansakokaan, koirallammekokaan, koirallannekokaan, koirananikokaan, koiranasikokaan, koiranansakokaan, koiranammekokaan, koiranannekokaan, koiraksenikokaan, koiraksesikokaan, koiraksensakokaan, koiraksemmekokaan, koiraksennekokaan, koirattanikokaan, koirattasikokaan, koirattansakokaan, koirattammekokaan, koirattannekokaan, koirinenikokaan, koirinesikokaan, koirinensakokaan, koirinemmekokaan, koirinennekokaan

  • Eemeli Isoniemi says:

    Dog=koira…

    Koira koirani koirasi koiramme koiranne koiransa koirana koirassa koirasta koiraan koiransa koiralla koiransa koiranamme koirananne

    Longest word: lentokonesuihkuturbiinimoottoriapumekaanikkoaliupseerioppilas

    Äö

    Finland
    Finnland
    Finska
    Finlandia
    Suomi🇫🇮🇫🇮🇫🇮

    🚫The🚫a🚫an🚫

    Hän=she/he

    Triggered?

    🇦🇨🇦🇩🇦🇪🇦🇫🇦🇬🇦🇮🇦🇱🇦🇲🇦🇴🇦🇶🇦🇷🇦🇸🇦🇹🇦🇺🇦🇼🇦🇽🇦🇿🇧🇦🇧🇧🇧🇩🇧🇪🇧🇫🇧🇬🇧🇭🇧🇮🇧🇯🇧🇱🇧🇲🇧🇳🇧🇴🇧🇶🇧🇷🇧🇸🇧🇹🇧🇼🇧🇾🇧🇿🇨🇦🇨🇨🇨🇩🇨🇫🇨🇬🇨🇭🇨🇮🇨🇰🇨🇱🇨🇲🇨🇳🇨🇴🇨🇷🇨🇺🇨🇻🇨🇼🇨🇽🇨🇾🇨🇿🇩🇪🇩🇯🇩🇰🇩🇲🇩🇴🇩🇿🇪🇨🇪🇪🇪🇬🇪🇭🇪🇷🇪🇸🇪🇹🇪🇺🇫🇯🇫🇰🇫🇲🇫🇴🇫🇷🇬🇦🇬🇧🇬🇩🇬🇪🇬🇫🇬🇬🇬🇭🇬🇮🇬🇱🇬🇹🇭🇷🇮🇲🇮🇳🇭🇹🇬🇺🇬🇲🇬🇳🇬🇼🇭🇺🇮🇴🇮🇶🇮🇨🇬🇾🇬🇵🇬🇶🇭🇰🇮🇩🇮🇷🇮🇸🇮🇪🇭🇲🇬🇷🇬🇸🇭🇳🇮🇱🇮🇹 is bad

    🇫🇮 the best

  • There is no righteous person says:

    no i am finn and in finland traditionally men are men and women are women

  • curvyquill says:

    Dialects still exist, though the everyday language tends to overpower everything. And young people are coming up with new words and ways of saying things.

    As far as slang goes, we still say "spora" in the Helsinki area, and Helsinki as "stadi" differentiates those who are native here and those who aren't, because they'll say "Hesa". In case you're wondering, spora (comes from Swedish spårvagn) is a tram, though the Finnish word for tram is "raitiovaunu" or "ratikka" in the everyday language. Stadi is uniquely just Helsinki, though I believe the word comes from Swedish "stad" ("city"). Hesa is just a shortening of Helsinki, but no native Helsinki inhabitant would use it. We also ride a "dösä", which means a bus, but I don't know the origins of that. The Helsinki slang was originally a mix of Swedish, Russian and Finnish, because of the historical conditions. Nowadays I've heard that kids mix Arabic words with it. People in the countryside (which we refer to as "lande") say we are speaking a corrupt Finnish, and we reply saying why do you have to be so racist? LOL But seriously, I was showing the city to a friend, and as they had recently made changes to the tram lines I was kind of lost. So I had a conversation with the tram driver, and later my friend said she couldn't understand a word. But I got the isntructions on how to proceed, so I just referred everything to my friend in a more understandable way.

  • emmi says:

    you can tell where people are from based on their dialect and vocabulary. im from southern finland but i can struggle understanding some words from other dialects. also, it's surprising how badly u manage with the official finnish in real life. nobody talks in official written finnish, everyone uses a dialect, and they are usually very different from the written language. that being said, the dialects do often make sense once u learn how the words are made. the dialects are just supposed to make talking easier and smoother

  • Ekaterina Sogny says:

    I am Russian and I love learning Finnish. Their grammar seems so logical to me. It’s not exactly like ours but I see the reason for having all these tenses and postpositions. I mean, they convey just a lot! English, French and Spanish are super easy.

  • Simo Henrik says:

    "Tulen lukemaan (sen)." = "I will come to reading (it)." = Future.

  • Silvia Bayer says:

    Isn't Finnish similar to Hungarian? The grammar seems to be if this video right. It doesn't seem to be an easy language to learn though like English for example.

  • Daniel Rodríguez Pérez says:

    PERKELE!

  • Стивен Сигал says:

    Estonian is very similar to Finnish. For example, many Estonians watch Finnish television and understand everything without translation. And Finns hardly understand the Estonian language.

    I also asked the Finns if they understand the Swedes. The answer was that basically no.

  • Tommi Vainionpää says:

    In Finland we don't have articles, but some words may act as an article. For example: "Eräs mies tuli taloon" which means: a man came into the house. "Sillä miehellä oli kivääri kädessään" The man had a rifle in his hand.

    Also noted that the first new testament translated into finnish language had a kind of definitive article in a word "se" :"SE uusi testamentti".

  • Sean Lee says:

    My summer car brought me here

  • Örri Mörri says:

    Yes. You can hear the difference. You havty live in finland like 20years or speeak it iften that you can have the native acsent. But you can still språk it good

  • ReadyMeme Everyday says:

    8:26 omistaa

  • Night Star says:

    Im from finland. This is so hard language. But this is so easy. This is cat (kissa) Kissa, Kissan, Kissalla, Kissoilla, Kissoillakin, Kissallakin and so many other🌸

  • xd popcorn says:

    Proto finnic does not sound like a word anymore

  • Onur Veselý says:

    Very similar to Turkish grammar 🙂

  • Ninja 2512 says:

    Finnish: Kuusi palaa
    English: Six pieces, the number six is on fire, the birch is on fire, your moon is on fire, the birch is coming back, the number six is coming back

  • krake 123 says:

    I am finnish

  • TheHexsittimies says:

    Tori on kaupungin keskellä
    Tori o kaupungi keslkel
    Syötkö kalaa
    Syöks kalaa

    Onks hyvi tehtyi nää käännökset suomesta suomeen

  • Charles Erlan says:

    Hauska Tutustua man ,,/

  • Mücahid Candan says:

    uralic and altaic languages also dont have he or she. For example in turkish it is only 'O' for he she it. No gender differences… you missed that in Turkish lang. video. Thanks

  • Sandra Susky says:

    I grew up sometimes hearing Finnish, when my mother was around Finnish speaking people, and spoke Finnish with them, so I knew what it sounded like from a young age, but I never attempted to learn it, outside of a few words, and counting to ten. I am almost 59 years old now, and this video is the first real short lesson I've ever had on the language, and I've been the country 3 times in my life for trips too.

  • Savien Schneider says:

    it is Stupid language 😅👌🏻

  • JIUIU Game maker says:

    soumi perkele

    '

  • dghi says:

    all i know is "nääpurin tontille"

  • Tommi Aalto says:

    Kalsarikänni

  • A de says:

    As a native Finnish speaker, I can say that it is quite easy to tell from the dialect where people are from. Especially the difference between Eastern and Western Finland's dialects are very different from each other.

    In the Eastern Finland dialect they make words actually longer by adding extra vowels between consonants, while in the West side people are mostly dropping letters (especially from the end of the words) and speaking with higher tempo.

    This also effects on the image of people from East and West. Eastern Finns often are considered as more relaxed and enjoying people while Westerns are seen as more tight and in hurry.

    Western dialect, I'm referring to Turku region here, has many loanwords from Swedish, but for Eastern dialect I am not sure. Many Swedish speaking regions happen to be in the Western part of Finland.

    As I have heard, Eastern dialect would be most closely considered as the "main Finnish". Please correct me if I'm wrong.

    In Helsinki there is a totally different slang that seems to be disappearing unfortunately. As far as I know, it has influences from both Swedish and Russian. This slang is called "Stadin slangi", which means the slang of the city. "Stad" is a Swedish word for city. For an example of the slang, in formal Finnish mother is called "äiti" and father "isä" but in Helsinki slang people would call mother as "mutsi" and father as "faija". I would say that this "Stadin slangi" has very different variations of words that don't exist in formal Finnish.

    This is just how I have understood the things in Finnish language. I would be happy to know more about these subjects and be corrected if needed 🙂

  • Esa Edvik says:

    The dialects are still very noticeable. I can personally spot maybe ten or so pretty well as to where they're from. When I speak to people from my native region, I regress right back into it after a bit, even though I haven't lived there for 25+ years.

  • Mikael Koo says:

    Aku Ankka oli aikoinaan (80-luvulla) paras tapa oppia kirjakieltä, ja siitä myös tätä tietoutta ammennettiin. Puhuimme sen lainauksia toisillemme jopa liikunnan välitunneilla, mikä harjaannutti oppimistamme. Miten lienee nykyään?

  • Laamaz says:

    Only people from Finland will understand:

    Lisätietoja

  • Seltnyt says:

    It doesn't seem that hard.

  • Kine says:

    How noticeable are dialects today Quite noticeable. I have classmates from all places around Finland and they all sound at least a little different.

  • VideoCrowsNest says:

    Fun Finnish language fact: Dragon = Lohikäärme (In Finnish). Lohi = Salmon (The Fish kind), Käärme = Snake. (The serpent species as a whole) Agricola had to invent a bunch of words we didn't have (Finnish past mythology has no word for dragon's per say ) – So Agricola invented a bunch of em – and one of the most funniest ones is "Lohikäärme" to think about Other such word are a bit funky too – Fantasy (or more shall we say relevant) variety:

    Wizard = Velho (Now-a-days uses mostly sometimes for a VERY SMART person at something, or very skillful person at something, or very smart person at solving a problem – Technology related usually.) Poppaukko can be used, but its more for a Shaman related. (A poppa is a kind of clothing article – And "ukko" is a word used for male gender people, usually older or more "Buddy buddy" term) /Noita tohtori (Witch doctor – Works too for a wizard in a more casual sense) – Bonus fact : Ukko was the "Overgod" AKA (One version of this) Old Finnish Mythology King of gods – To this day Thunder storms are referred to as "Ukkonen" – "Due to Ukko was god of thunder and lightning , so it's just Ukko being grouchy and in a bad mood"

    Witch = Noita (This actually is a somewhat proud word. Infamously "Northern Witches" – AKA Lapland region (usually olderish) women – Some use this as a proud and playful word to express of themselves – Note: Some, not all. Not still polite to call anyone this.) Also note: noita is also used in other usage as a word "Katso noita huvittavia hattuja tuolla!" – Look at those amusing hats over there.

    Magic = Taikuus/Velhous ("Wizardcraft") /Noituus(witchcraft)/Magia(Dark/Black magic would be Musta magia) – Magic is usually a more positive word if used in conversations. "Jos vain voisin taikoa tuon ongelman pois auttaakseni sinua – "If only I could magic that problem away to help you." – However you can also use it negatively "Odotatko muka ,että taion tuon kirjahyllyn kasaan tuosta?" – "What? You expect me to just magic that bookcase to being assembled?"

    A spell= Loitsu/Taika/Lumous(Enchantment – Charm)

    A demon(Yes even the "head honco" of them) = Perkele (Note: Now you know what it means actually when shouted)/Lempo (More older folklore word adopted)/Piru (Same as last one)/Paholainen (Eviless/Evil-doer)/Demoni (A demon – Plural would be Demonit)

    A Curse: Kirous/Manaus ( Underworld (Hell) or Afterlife can be refereed to as Manala – Or this term can be used to express someone dying or death approaching "Hän menee kohta manalan lepoon" (S/he is soon going to rest in manala (AKA Die soon – Not indicative of any "Where would one end up when dead" style of logic. So Manaus I wager would be some kind of "Send powers of hell on someone to make their life miserable" originated word )/Kiusaus (Words "to bully someone" = Kiusata – So Kiusaus = Longer lasting tormenting)

    Cursing at someone(As in swearing): Kiroilla/Manata/Sadatella (Sadettaa = To send upon someone/Or to rain (As in weather) -> Warning: Do not confuse last for "Sädettää" – Which is to radiate someone with radiation or to send a super fast message.

    Note: There are probably many "synonym" cases I missed to add to a word (Different regions of Finland hold onto different kinds too!) – But here is a short list of the wacky Finnish language's quirks when it comes to such words. Now see you at the market place – Torilla tavataan! (Bring a jacket – It can be rainy)

  • gls600 says:

    Your graphic at 1:40 shows the years for late proto-finnic as 1,000 BCE to 0 BCE. There was no 0 BCE and no 0 CE.

  • Rhyddid Rose Louw says:

    Very interesting language!

    Seems Finnish would be a great learning exercise. A real challenge. Not like Afrikaans nor English. I may try it!

  • ALBER PAJARES says:

    ¡'ve spent my holidays in italy with a friend of mine and his cousin & cousin's girlfriend that both live in finland, she's from finland already, and conversations was really weird: ra raa rakataka ka¡¡¡

  • Wehraboo says:

    This shit is damn same as Turkish

  • _Paws_ says:

    4:55 In American-Sign Language, articles are hardly used.

  • Frickin' Dandelion says:

    It's always fun to listen non-Finnish people trying to spell words correctly

  • SlendisFi Universe says:

    it's actually pretty easy to tell what region you're from in Finland… and learning Finnish… weeeeeeeeeeeeeell…. depends on how much time you want to put on learning because of the dialects of regions… one who learns so called book Finnish might not be able to understand those who speak ostrobothnia or savo dialects… and even less can be understood when the person speaks in rauma dialect… not even most of the Finns understand that abomination of dialects….

  • Uro Taion says:

    The funny thing about this is the fact that less people speak Finnish than Quechua, yet Finnish is more well known….

    pretty odd if you ask me

  • reap_datutorialist says:

    EZ4ENCE ENCE ENCE DENS PUTTED UPPERBELT PUTTED UPPERBELT

  • Mellisuga Helenae says:

    I miss the connection to hungarian

  • Cultural Politics 101 says:

    Gender neutral pronouns? Damn cultural marxists.

  • M Bayrak says:

    I know Ural altaic language theory is not proven atall, but my god Finnish have a lot of similarities with Turkish.

  • RPdigital says:

    Sun täytyy käyttäytyä hyvin.

  • Bettina Lykke says:

    is finnish the only language to be genderneutral?

  • kuzja124 says:

    finnish sounds like a wasted estonian

  • Ilkka Miinalainen says:

    there are only few words you will need if you live in finland

    "perkele" means fuck yes, if combined with something
    such as "perkele these are good sausages"
    but if alone it means something bad has happened

    and then of course beer, and run beer
    beer is a soft drink that everybody drinks (apart from coffee)

    and run beer is when you get inside of a shop, take a pack of karjala (the best beer there is) on each hand
    then just run away from the shop and don't pay
    simple

    and then of course some things you DO NOT FUCKING SAY TO A FINN OKAY?

    1) ice hockey is fucking bad (they will beat you up so hard you will die)
    2) sausages fucking suck (also same outcome, applies with beer too)
    3) if you ask for ale or mead at any bar, they are legally allowed to throw you out of the bar, and never again let you in
    4) never win agains a true finn ( they seriously don't like it, act like you are trying your hardest, but still lose, finns like that)

    but the most importan rule of thumb
    DO NOT FUCKING ASK A STRANGER ABOUT ANYTHING OR DO NOT FUCKING COMPLIMENT STRANGERS
    oh and also do not sit next to a finn on busses
    the benches are made in a way, that when someone sits on the window seat, you can't sit next to them

    then here are some good things you can do to ensure some beer drinking friends

    1) don't compliment them unless they are drunk 3.4 promilles should do
    2) don't say "hey, you should really stop drinking" they wont like that
    3) if your friend is complaing about the prices of the bar, buy him a drink, chances are he's broke
    4) if your friend smokes, don't say anything to it
    5) if you are lost in a country, don't ask help from strangers, your friend probably is saying something like, oh yeah i know where we are, just follow him until you are complitely lost, then pass out, and you'lle get to the nearest hospital soon, and you can ask there where to go
    6) buying a round of beer in a bar means you're a legend
    7) always drink beer or coffee in a bar, if you ask the bartender for a cup of milk or water, they are legally allowed to sell you as a slave
    8) you can give them sugar wine (kilju) if they take it, they probably give some money for it,

    https://www.brewbitz.com/pages/sugar-wine-recipe that is a pretty good one, just make sure to add some citrus fruit, because if you don't your friends will fucking kill you
    9) don't brag about your wealth, instead always talk things like, "yeah, i worked on my car today, took some beer and tried it, i think it's getting ready soon" and other finnish stuff, the weather, politics, donald trump, south kora, world war 3, simo häyhä (the white death) army, those are some great examples, but mostly on a bar, you just sit and drink, don't talk so much, follow your friend's lead
    10) learn some finnish, seriously! people don't like to talk english or russian, only words they know apart from finnish and english are usually cyka, and blyat

    now you are a great friend of MANY people, and they accept you as a finn
    🙂

  • KrKyoutube says:

    Finnish-Estonian
    kuningas-kuningas
    tuoli-tool
    koulu-kool

    As seen here, in Estonian language we have simplefied some everyday most used words.
    The only widely (as a national language) spoken language besides Finnish in Finnish ugry language tree is Estonian.

  • Alperen Başer says:

    Wow grammer of finnish closer to Turkish more than i expected

  • Kheldaurus says:

    As a Finn this was very interesting. Nice video.

  • Alex Peach2000 says:

    I was learning finnish for one year in speciall school, but when it was over… my finnish was still trash(PS. moi suomalaiset)

  • Hell Come says:

    I presume that Finnish is a difficult language to leran if you have prepositions and genders to things. For example "hän" means "he/she". But we do have all those strange endings to words. Kala is Fish. In english you say I eat fish = syön kalaa. I'll eat fish = syön kalaa. I ate fish = söin kalaa. I've eaten fish = olen syönyt kalaa. I'd never eat fish = en koskaan söisi kalaa. I'll always eat fish = syön aina kalaa / tulen aina syömään kalaa.

    So compared to English, Finnish is quite difficult to master. Kala, kalaa, kalassa, kalasta kaloissaniko, kaloissammeko……. etc. But if you learn the basic word, here it's "fish or kala", you'll be okay. If you say something like "I eat fish" at a restaurant, they'll give you a manu with fish. And everyone speaks English (well, not the 60+ year olds, but anyway). I get cow? You'll get cow. I get spanked with an eel? … uh, no get some help. I here student learn Finnish – yay, okay.

    Haluaisin nähdä lokin kakkaavan jäätelön päälle = I'd like to see a seagull poop on an ice cream cone.
    Haluaisin = I'd like (something) – nähdä (to see) lokin (to experience Seagull to do something) jäätelön (on ice cream) päälle (on top of). So this would read something as "I'd like to see a seagull poop on an icecream". But really, you don't need to worry about all the -ssa, stä, ssä, sta things. Just speak in English and everything will be okay.

  • Little Bit says:

    I was Russian but now I'm Finnish

  • Fanny Lindholm says:

    Kaupungit mahtavasti😂😂

  • Valtv2 says:

    i have some knowledge on meänkieli and i must say that its a language

  • Heaven Piercing Man says:

    Perkele!!!

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